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مدیریت ورزش - محاسن و معایب مدیریت بر مبنای هدف:
 
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محاسن و معایب مدیریت بر مبنای هدف:

نوشته شده توسط :
دوشنبه 8 تیر 1388-04:58 ب.ظ

برخی افراد نظیر دمینگ، به شدت مخالف این شیوه مدیریت هستند و معتقدند كه هدف مدیریت، باید توأم با بهبود مستمر باشد و نه یك هدف ثابت.[11]

برخی مطالعات نیز نشان می­دهند، كه مدیریت بر مبنای هدف، باعث بهبود در دستیابی به هدف­ها و افزایش مداوم در بهره‌وری می­شود. همچنین با این روش می­توان تلاشهای مدیران را یكپارچه كرد و برای اثربخش كردن مدیریت برمبنای هدف باید آن را بصورت یك نظام فراگیر در نظر گرفت؛ نه افزوده­ای به كار مدیریت. [12]

تجارب كسب شده از كاربرد روش مدیریت بر مبنای هدف حاكی از آن است كه این روش محاسن و معایب متعددی دارد:

الف) محاسن

1.      توسعه ارتباط كاركنان و مدیران؛

2.      ایجاد توافق میان كاركنان و مدیران درمورد محتوای كار و اهمیت نسبی وظایف عمده؛

3.      بهبود شیوه بكارگیری منابع انسانی و بهره‌وری كاركنان؛

4.      پیشرفت كاركنان و ارتقای كیفی مهارت و توانایی‌های آنها؛

5.      بهبود عملكرد كاركنان و افزایش تعهد آنها به تحقق اهداف؛

6.      بهبود معیارهای ارزیابی عملكرد كاركنان؛

7.      بهره‌مندی سازمان از خلاقیت و استعدادهای بالقوه كاركنان در نوآوری؛

8.      بهبود فراگرد برنامه‌ریزی كلی در سازمان.

ب) معایب

1-   وقت‌گیری بیش از حد؛

2-   تأكید بیش از حد بر مستندسازی؛

3-   عدم امكان تعدیل سریع اهدافی كه در عمل، غیر منطقی به نظر می‌رسند؛

4-   وابسته بودن این روش به میزان حمایت مدیران عالی؛

5-   توانایی كم بعضی از كاركنان در تعیین اهداف.[13]





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